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Demography & Society

According to the census of India 2011, Raipur Metropolitan area has a population of 1,122,555 persons whereas Raipur Municipal Corporation has a population of 1,010,087 persons. The Municipal Corporation has a sex ratio of 946 females per 1,000 males and 12.3% of the population is found under six years of age. Effective literacy of the city has been noted as 86.90%; with male literacy rate as 92.39% and female literacy as 81.10%.
Raipur district is highly rural in nature has shown by the fact that out of 30,16,930 persons of the district in 2001, 20,99,312 were living in rural localities comprising 69.58% of the overall population. According to the 2011 census Raipur district has a population of 4,062,160 showing a decadal growth rate of 34.65%. The district has sex rttio of 983 females for every 1000 males, a bit higher than that of the Raipur city. In 2001 the literacy rate of the district was 68.5% with male literacy rate as 82% and female literacy to be 54.8%.
The social profile of Raipur District shows that, as per the census 2001, there were 77,963 Muslims in the district comprising 2.6% of the total population. However, in urban areas Muslim concentration is higher. Out of the total urban population of 917,618 persons in 2001 there were 64,012 Muslims constituting 7% of the urban people. This also illustrates that as Many as 86% of the Muslim population in the district can be located in urban areas. The Christian population of Raipur was 16,857 persons. There are 46.74% rural people living below poverty line (BPL). The Scheduled Caste population of the district was 16.2% in 2001 whereas that of Scheduled Tribes it was 12.1%.
Muslims primarily reside in such ar\eas as Moudhapara (occupied by the immigrants from UP and Bihar), Baijnathpara, Chota Para, Momin Para (Shia Muslim community) and Byron Bazaar (which is named after a Briton who is supposed to have formed the place; Byron Bazar was once mostly inhabited by the Muslims from the "Madras Paltan" i.e. those serving in the British Army (Madras Regiment), and had occupied Byron Bazaar as a result of their regiment getting disbanded). The Christian population is scattered around the city. This city is also populated by the people of Kanwar and Gond community who are primarily tribals. Raipur is well known as a hub for education in the region as a number of instifutes of national repute have come up such as the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (Raipur), Indian Institute of Management Raipur, National Institute of Technology, etc. There are 16 universities and deemed universities functioning in Raipur with students coming from Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Orissa and other states of the country.
Muslim institutions of higher education are very limited in Raipur. Apart from Mohsin-e-Millat Unani Medical College, some local NGOs run Maulana Azad College of B.Ed, Maulana Azad College of Pharmacy are Maulana Abul Kalam Azad College. This number is very insignificant as compared to hundreds of colleges managed by tri government and other sections of society.